The process to plan, design and build a walk in closet is completely different than it is for a piece of stand alone wardrobe. Basically, you’re building a configuration of square boxes and making it fit into an imperfect space that is almost definitely out of square, out of plum and not level. The more walls you incorporate into your configuration the more difficult it is. A single wall of built-ins is easier than a whole room. However, no matter how big your closet is or how many walls you are incorporating into your design, there are always challenges when it comes time to install. If you begin your project with that expectation, it makes a bit easier to cope with the frustration when you encounter your challenges.
How to plan and design a walk in closet
How to plan and design a walk in closet
You can draw you plans by hand or use a computer program which is very helpful when you’re messing around with dozens of different design options for a single space. I use Sketch Up — which has a learning curve but if you spend a few hours looking, you can find some helpful YouTube videos.
1. Assess your needs
Before you start drawing up design options for your closet, consider everything you want to STORE in it and HOW you want to store those items.
- Do you need more drawers or hanging storage?
- How long do your hanging storage areas need to be?
- Do you need to accommodate storage for dresses, suits or long winter coats?
- Do you hang your slacks full length or draped over a dowel rod?
- Do you like open shelving or do you prefer drawers?
- Do you roll your belts or hang them?
- Fold your ties?
- Need jewelry drawers with custom dividers?
Try to account for EVERYTHING you want to store and how you want to store them all. Then figure out what size you need to build each storage section based on the size of the items that will be stored them. I created this chart you can use to help with keep track of your items and measurements.
I’ve tried to include as many items as possible but included a blank second page which you can customize to meet your specific needs.
*When measuring hanging items, measure from top of hook in hanger to bottom of item.
The photo below indicates the measurements for my own master closet and Wes and my shirts.
2. Measure your Room
The first thing to do is get the dimensions of the room and draw up a floorplan. Make note of where doors and windows are located as well as the location of outlets, light switches, air vents and anything else on the floor, walls or ceiling. You don’t want any surprises after you’ve already built everything!
Now that know how you want to store all the items you need to store in your closet, you can start designing the storage areas. Keeping in mind that I never build cabinets or built-in shelving wider than 32″ helps me figure out how many components will make up my built-ins.
3. Create the overall plan
On your floorplan, divide your closet design into logical sections and start creating design options. Come up with as many different configurations as possible so you can choose the best one for you. The best one for you is the one that will fit your specific needs and the one you will be comfortable and happy to walk into every day!
3. Design each section
Depending on the length of each wall, you will have decided how many separate built-in sections you will need to build. Now you can decide what function each section needs to perform. Depending on your needs, you may choose more drawers or shelves than hanging storage or visa versa.
Whenever I design, I try to optimize every bit of space that I can while getting the look that I want. So, my main focus is on how a space will function, then I figure out how to make that look good.
*When planning hanging sections, don’t forget to give yourself extra room for the space needed above the hanging bar so you can get your hangers on and off the bar! 3 or 4″ should do it.
Things to consider:
When planning your built-ins, keep in mind how high you can comfortable reach when deciding where to store the items you use most. You probably don’t want to have to grab a step stool to reach your dress shirts is you wear them every day!
Also, considerable cost is added when you start adding hardware to your closet. Drawers are nice for hiding what you are storing but they can be very expensive as can door hinges, drawer pulls and knobs. Open shelving would be WAY less expensive than adding drawers. (Not to mention a heck of a lot easier to build!)
4. Create your build plans
If you are building your built-in closet yourself, this would be the time to draw up your build plans.
I create a plan for each cabinet in the built-in configuration making sure to label which cabinet it is and what I intend to store in it. Writing lots of notes during the planning process is SUPER helpful. If you’re like me, after weeks and weeks of building, I sometimes forget what I was thinking when I started the whole process. Especially when I originally designed ten different possible design options.
After I draw up plans for all my cabinets, I create a cut list so I can maximize my materials and get the least waste possible.
Sometimes this means going back and making a whole bunch of changes to a whole bunch of plans.
In the Elevation pictured below, I have a 6″ base that the cabinets will sit on top of. I did that to avoid wasting a 48″x12″ section on about 20 sheets of plywood for my closet! That’s a lot of waste. Sure, I could probably have use it sometime in the future but that’s a lot of scraps to store for who knows how long.
Just a bit of adjusting to my original design allowed me to use a separate 6″ base instead of making the cabinets 6″ longer which gave me 18″ of leftover wood that I was able to use as pieces in this build.
Of course, it isn’t always possible to use every scrap of material in your project but looking at all your options can save you a bit of money if you are able to think creatively and are willing to take the extra time to look for options if you see that making minor adjustments to your design could save you a considerable amount of money in materials.
Taping off, boxing up, visualizing and roll playing
Sometimes my clients think I’m joking when I tell them to grab a roll of painters tape and create a pretend version of the room they want to create but I’m completely serious! Taping outlines of the built-ins you are planning on building can give you a feel for how the space will look once the project is complete. If you have any large moving boxes that’s 90% better than tape! Boxes fill the space vertically so you will really get a “Feel” for the space once the cabinets are built. Use tape or draw directly on the walls or boxes to show what each storage section is supposed to be. Can you comfortably get the hanger off that hanging bar? Can you reach the shelf where you favorite jeans are stored? Etc…etc…
It might feel funny to do it, but role playing in your make believe closet could just save you from making a terrible error that you would not have noticed until the cabinets were built otherwise. Trust me…I know these things! 🙂
Build in Phases
Remember at the beginning of this post when said to expect hiccups and hurdles? I always build and install in phases so you can make adjustments to the next section to account for any shimming you had to do to level and plumb your built-ins.
I generally have the overall design plan mapped out before I start building but will wait to draw up build plans for the next phase of cabinets until the first phase is installed. That saves me from having to redraw a whole section of plans because I need to remove 1″ from the overall design!
I hope you enjoy creating a functional built-in closet that is just as beautiful as it is useful!
You can also purchase my Cabinet Building 101 eBook to help you get started building the built-in closet of your dreams!
If you don’t want to plan your own and just want my Walk-In Closet Plans, you can purchase those too.