The 411 on Paint Sprayers

Ever since I mentioned it on Facebook and on my Library reveal post, I’ve gotten tons of emails and Facebook messages asking for information on the paint sprayer I purchased.  So here it is in a tidy package:  

My 2 cents about paint sprayers, what I purchased and how it worked for me.

Choosing a paint sprayer

First off, I have to say that picking a paint sprayer has been the bane of my existence for the last seven years.  LOL  (Seriously!)  It’s been one of the most difficult processes EVER.

 

Part of the reason choosing a sprayer is so confusing/difficult is because of the extensive range of finishing choices on the market.  

If you spend time researching sprayers and reading forums to find out what the experts recommend, you’ll see literally hundreds of different opinions.  Why?  Because everyone uses different product for different applications and there are dozens of paint companies selling dozens of different options for every different application and dozens of paint sprayer companies selling dozens of different sprayers for all those different options and options and options.  Yeaaaaaaah — what?

You’ll hear:   latex, enamel, acrylic, alkyd, varnish, urethane, lacquer, shellac…     precat, postcat…     water, oil, hybrid…  (Wahhhhh–it’s enough to make a DIY’er wanna’ cry.)

 

Also, different paint sprayers serve different purposes.  Some people use them primarily for painting walls.  Others use them for air brushing art, painting cars or finishing furniture or refinishing cabinets…  Some people use primarily heavy finishes like latex paints and others use only thin material like, urethanes and lacquers.  

 

To keep it simple for myself, I decided to stick with MY FAVORITE finish and look for a sprayer that would spray THAT and give me a beautiful finish.

I have my favorite paint for painting cabinets and built ins and I use the same paint whether I’m brushing or spraying.  I might venture out and try something new once in a while but for the most part– I stick to what I know works!  Why use the same paint in a sprayer?  Because I don’t always want to haul out the sprayer.  What if I want to add a couple doors to a built in down the road?  I’ll apply the finish by hand if it’s not worth the effort of setting up and cleaning up my sprayer for two little doors and I don’t want to store different types of paints/finishes in the same color for the same project and have to remember to grab the right one because I’m brushing, not spraying.  Get it?

What is my favorite paint?  Sherwin Williams ProClassic (water based) with Floetrol added.  The end!  

paint choices

(Obviously this is subject to change– but currently, and for the past …I don’t know how many years, that’s my go-to combination.)

 

 

I’ve tried four different paint sprayers before I found the one I have now (that I love).  I didn’t like any of them.  I”m not going to say what they were because, frankly, I’m not a scientific testing facility.  I don’t put products through the 20 point test with different product — under different conditions.  I only have my own experience to pull fr0m and my experience might be different from any one else’s and I don’t want to influence anyone NOT to buy something just because it didn’t work for me.

 

That said, I do have some opinions on paint sprayers in general that might be of use to a person who is in the market for a paint sprayer.

 

Depending on WHAT you want to do with your sprayer, you’ll need to look for different features.

If you want to slap some paint on a fence and don’t care what it looks like up close, probably any ole’ inexpensive unit should do the trick.

If you want to PAINT cabinets and furniture with a really nice fine finish, you have to be more selective.

What to consider?

  1. How often are you going to use your sprayer and how much paint will you run through it?
  2. How do you plan on using it.  In your shop?  On site?  Is the project standing up or laying down?  (Vertical or horizontal spraying).  Do you need to paint little nooks and crannies?  Is a big HVLP gun going to get heavy and cumbersome?
  3. The gun, nozzle and tips, are probably more important than the unit.
  4. I would HIGHLY recommend buying your gun from a paint store so you can talk to knowledgable persons about your specific needs.  Tell them what paint you like to use, what you want to paint, how you want it to look, how you want to handle the gun, how much paint you plan on running in a year…  They can help YOU find the right sprayer for YOU.

 

Different sprayer options:

HVLP (I do not have an Earlex but I’ve read good things about it)

Choosing a paint sprayer

I’ve tried a couple HVLPs.  (High Volume Low Pressure)  One expensive unit and a couple cheap ones.

I found my big money HVLP to be a pain.  It was difficult to set up because it had one knob to control the air pressure and another knob to control the paint.  When you adjusted one knob, it affected the other and you had to adjust that one.  Then that one affected the other (that you just adjusted) and you had to adjust it again.  This could go on and on and on…. forever!  I DO NOT recommend getting an HVLP with 2 control knobs.   

One of the cheap ones just gave me a crap finish.  The other one was ok but would only perform with a very small spray pattern.  In my opinion, not worth the money to buy a sprayer just for small jobs and then have to get another one for big jobs.  You have to set up and clean either way.  Why waste money on two units?  I just want ONE that will do anything and everything I want it to do.

The good thing about HVLP’s is:  HVLP’s are generally known for giving a good FINE finish with paint (if you can get the viscosity right {viscosity is the thickness of the paint}).  They are also known for having little overspray.

I know a few people that have an HVLP with only ONE knob to adjust and they love theirs.

 

The downside to HVLP sprayers is that the paint cup is attached to the gun.  Sometimes on top of the gun (Gravity Feed) and sometimes on the bottom.    Like so:  

Choosing a paint sprayer

The thing about having the paint cup on the gun is that it gets heavy and cumbersome when painting a large built-in, especially when you have a bunch of cubbies to get into.  It’s really hard to manipulate a big, heavy gun and you have to hold the gun upright only.  For some, it works great.  For me– not so much.  I need more freedom.  

Also, you have to refill your paint as many times as it takes to finish your project.  (Pain in the @ss– in my opinion.)

 

Spray gun with an air compressor.

Some people are tempted to get an inexpensive gun like those pictured above to use with an air compressor.  I tried it too.  The thing is most DIY’ers don’t have an air compressor large enough to run a spray gun.  The little compressors we buy to run our nailers and staplers are NOT big enough to successfully run a spray gun.  My little pancake compressor ran non stop and still didn’t have enough “Umph” to spray.
(Again, this is my experience.  If you have found a spray gun that will paint large furniture and run off a 2 gallon compressor, please let me know!) 

 

Airless Sprayer

Airless sprayers generally have more overspray than HLVP’s.  That is the downside to airless in general.  You will use more paint.

The plus sides:

  1.  You can stick the paint intake hose right into a can of paint.  Gallon or 5 gallon.  NICE!  
  2. The gun is smaller, lighter and can get into nooks and crannies and spray in any position:  straight up, sideways or upside down…whatever the situation calls for.

Choosing a paint sprayer

There are more options than this but you get into a whole new price range, skill requirements and safety hazards with air assisted, pressure pots, electrostatic…

 

[box type="info"] ***There are so many more things to consider even in the few sprayers that I covered that it gives me a headache. I do not claim to be an expert! This is all just information I’ve gathered and organized (and that stuck in my brain) out of all my research and trials with sprayers and with ALL THE CONFUSING information out there.***[/box]

 

What I got.

This is the unit I purchased.  It’s a Graco 390 airless.  It’s more of a professional sprayer.  It will handle a lot of material so I don’t have to worry about it breaking down on me after a few gallons of paint.  I wanted a sprayer that would last.  I don’t ever want to buy another sprayer…in my life.  LOL  (Seriously!)

Choosing a paint sprayer

This sprayer cost me $699 (I got it on sale from Sherwin Williams.  It’s normally $799.)  Like I said, it’s more of a professional sprayer.  I don’t expect that everyone wants to run out and buy a $700 sprayer.  Also, the extra tips and nozzles are pricey.  I spend a couple hundred more on those.  All in all, I spent nearly $1000 on my system.

*But here’s the thing that makes this a good sprayer.  The nozzle and tips are interchangeable. I can spray paint of the walls if I want and change the nozzle and tips for SUPER FINE FINISH.  And that’s the most important aspect of finding a good sprayer in my opinion.  The gun!  Even if you get a $100 sprayer, if you have a good gun with good tips, you should get a good finish.

** Not all guns have interchangeable nozzles and tips.

Not all Graco guns have interchangeable tips.  Make sure you know what you’re getting.

 

* HERE IS WHAT YOU NEED TO GET WITH THIS SPRAYER TO GET A GOOD FINE FINISH!

The BLUE nozzle and the GREEN tips.  (The tips might be Titan brand, I’m not sure.)

The nozzle selection process is a whole other confusing fight!  For some reason the company thought it was a good idea to make you choose the fan width you want and then divide that number by 2 and then look at the first number on the package that looks something like this:  3/12.  Which means that I’ll get a 6″ fan width and the opening is 12,000 or some crazy-ass thing like that!  The opening determines what material you can spray through it.  Thick or thin.

Seriously?  Could they make it any more difficult?  (Probably) But I’m sure it could be easier.  They need to hire a woman to make it more clear!  Just saying!!!!

 

Choosing a paint sprayer

Choosing a paint sprayer

Boom!

Here’s a guide to help with that.

 

Ok, so what I like about my Graco 390:

I don’t have to thin my paint.  It has one knob to adjust the pressure depending on how thick my material is.  I can spray whatever kind of material I want through it.  I can change the nozzle and tips depending on what I want to spray.

 

When I sprayed my Library, I had a few drips that I had to fix but other than that, it gave me a perfect finish.  When spraying vertical surfaces, you have to do thin coats.  If spraying cabinet doors, I could lay them horizontally and put on a thicker coat without problems.  The sprayer was amazingly easy to use.  I put up some cardboard, sprayed and turned the pressure up until the spray pattern was even and …the way I wanted it to look.  There’s no manual for that.  You just have to practice and go by gut.

The gun is small and light and can get in the boxes to spray the sides of cabinets and shelves.

 

*The one thing I didn’t like is the hose.  The hose is stiff and gets in the way.  I’m not sure if you can purchase a different hose that is more pliable and will lay down on the floor better.  The one that came with my sprayer is so stiff that it curls and bends and flips up and over and hits things that you just painted (IF you aren’t paying attention and looking out for that).  That’s my one complaint.

 

All in all, I am super excited about this sprayer.  It sprays beautifully and is EASY!  That was my #1 request.  IT NEEDS TO BE EASY TO USE!  It’s going to give me beautiful kitchen cabinets in the Spring.  I know it was expensive but I plan on using it for years.  AND, if I’d hired a painter to come in and paint my Library, it would have cost me $1000 so it kind of payed itself off.  I had to mess with it more than a pro painter would have and sand and repaint the drips so it took me longer…but I’ll get there and then I will be a pro too!

 

So there you go.  More than you wanted to read, I’m sure, but there is no easy answer to “The best paint sprayer to buy — ever”.  I wish there were.  I wish I could say this unit cost $100 and works awesome and it’s the one everyone in the universe should buy.  That’s what I would have liked to have found.  But I had to sift through forums and sites and manuals and videos…and finally ended up spending way more than I wanted because, frankly, I’m tired of wasting my time on sprayers that crap up my job and make me have to sand and redo!

This is the one I got.  It might not be the sprayer for you.  

 

But I hope this long, wordy post helps you wade through your own buying process.

Good luck!

 

Did you find this tip helpful?  You might also like these other Painting Tips!

 

 

[box type="warning"] This is in no way a tutorial for how to USE a paint sprayer. Consult your users manual, use the proper safety gear which includes but is not limited to: eye protection, respirator and ear protection. NEVER point the spray gun at any part of your or anyone elses body. People have had their hands amputated after hitting their hands with the spray. The pin sized injection can pump paint under your skin and cause serious damage! Be Safe. Be Smart. Be Careful.[/box]

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Comments

  1. My eyes glazed over reading this. So complicated. This is how I feel as I try to decide on a table saw. Maybe in a few years my brain will be able to process the spray gun decision.i guess I’ll continue to paint with brushes and rollers.

  2. You are awesome. I am in the doldrums of searching for the “right” paint sprayer. I have a friend who is a district manager for our local Sherwin-Williams, and even with his advice I haven’t been able to decide (he pointed me to the same unit you have, though, and I think he’s tired of talking about all the pros and cons with me!). Your post totally helped solidify things for me. Now I just have to buy it.

  3. Great write-up. A few other decision points for those thinking about purchasing a sprayer — minimum amount of material, clean-up time, and unusual surfaces.

    Most airless setups start off at about a quart of material (25 to 50 feet of hose takes a lot of material to fill) while an HVLP setup starts off at 3 oz or so. The latter is helpful if you’re spraying non-architectural items where you want to do better than a rattle-can.

    If you purchase the 3M PPS system (kinda like Playtex baby bottles) for a HVLP system, then you eliminate almost all clean-up and can temporarily store unused material for use later.

    The HVLP guns are also helpful when you’re spraying plantation shutters and balusters.

    • That’s what has been bugging me! I hate to waste a quart of paint. Maybe a really short hose on the airless would help? I’m usually standing right next to whatever I spray.

      • Not sure if the hose length is really a differentiator. An airless rig is really geared towards volume anyway. A mid-range rig will pump up to a half gallon a minute or so — they’re FAST (most house painters will run them from the five gallon containers)! You can dial them down of course, but you get the idea.

      • I’ve only used my sprayer twice but I emptied the paint out of the hose back into the paint bucket. It was water clean up and you can tell when the paint ends and the water begins because it starts to get more runny. Obviously you waste some paint but certainly not a whole quart!

        • I probably should have phrased my minimum amount comment differently.

          You can undoubtedly drain the hose to recover the material, but you do need to start with over a quart of material. Basically, with an airless you don’t want to only purchase a quart of material, you want to purchase one to five gallon containers and make sure that they have at least a half-gallon left in them when you start.

          There is a difference in waste between different paint systems, but that has to do with transfer efficiency. I don’t think that’s as important for DIYers as other things.

  4. GREAT INFO! Thanks!

  5. GREAT INFO!!!! Thanks!

  6. I didn’t read through your detailed post as we have a paint sprayer. I had to post because of a comment my husband made a few days ago. He said he knows two things for sure in life: 1. everything tastes better with bacon(?)(this reminded me to put some bacon caramels in his stocking) and 2. everything looks better when painted with a spray gun!!! How timely. This is the man who went staple gun happy on our beadboard fix-ups (you may recall) but our last install (just did this week)for our daughters room turned out AWESOME! We were able to turn her bed sideways into a nook to make more room for a desk. We installed beadboard and a small ledge. It is awesome!!! I am so proud of our work–beautiful spray finish and he used (a few) nails this time! I would love to share a picture–anyplace to do this and show you?

  7. Thanks for the safety tips – REALLY appreciated…was not aware of this side of the ‘paint sprayer’ debate at all.

  8. Thanks so much for sharing this info! Valuable information to have when shopping for a spray gun!

  9. We’ve planning on painting our house next summer and this info is perfect for picking a sprayer. One question…is there much overspray with this?

    • You will have more overspray with airless sprayers than HVLP sprayers. It’s a trade off I was willing to make. Just make sure to protect yourself and tape off everything you don’t want to paint. :-)

  10. It might be good just for safety sake to tell people NEVER to put their fingers over the tip of the gun. Its an old trick to clean compressor driven guns but a real NO NO with these

  11. Rhonda Millett says:

    Thanks Sandra,

    This is a GREAT !! post. I also have been thinking about getting a paint sprayer and also have been reading reviews, forums, etc. I do alot of furniture refinishing but have also remodeled 3 apts(wiith lots of doors and trim) and built a duplex (with lots of doors and trim and walls). Should have bought a paint sprayer long ago. Would have saved alot of time and neck and shoulder pain, and GOD I would be a pro by now. LOVE your work!!! Thanks again.

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